All Pain and No Gain from Higher Interest Rates – U.S. Bangla News




All Pain and No Gain from Higher Interest Rates

ইউ এস বাংলা নিউজ ডেক্স:-
আপডেটঃ ১৬ ডিসেম্বর, ২০২২ | ১০:৩২
Central banks' unwavering determination to increase interest rates is truly remarkable. In the name of taming inflation, they have deliberately set themselves on a path to cause a recession – or to worsen it if it comes anyway. Moreover, they openly acknowledge the pain their policies will cause, even if they don't emphasise that it is the poor and marginalised who will bear the brunt of it. As a new Roosevelt Institute report that I co-authored shows, any benefits from the extra interest-rate-driven reduction in inflation will be minimal, compared to what would have happened anyway. Inflation already appears to be

easing. It may be moderating more slowly than optimists hoped a year ago – before Russia's war in Ukraine – but it is moderating nonetheless, and for the same reasons that optimists outlined. For all latest news, follow The Daily Star's Google News channel. For example, optimists expected oil prices to decrease, rather than continuing to increase; that is precisely what has happened. In fact, the declining cost of renewables implies that the long-run price of oil will fall even lower than today's price. It is a shame that we didn't move to renewables earlier; we would have been much better insulated

from the vagaries of fossil-fuel prices, and far less vulnerable to the whims of petrostate dictators like Russian President Vladimir Putin and Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (widely known as MBS). Yet, another reason for optimism has to do with mark-ups – the amount by which prices exceed costs. While mark-ups have risen slowly with the increased monopolisation of the US economy, they have soared since the onset of the Covid crisis. As the economy emerges more fully from the pandemic (and, one hopes, from the war) they should decrease, thereby moderating inflation. Yes, wages have been temporarily

rising faster than in the pre-pandemic period, but that is a good thing. There has been a huge secular increase in inequality, which the recent decrease in workers' real (inflation-adjusted) wages has only made worse. The Roosevelt report also dispenses with the argument that today's inflation is due to excessive pandemic spending, and that bringing it back down requires a long period of high unemployment. Demand-driven inflation occurs when aggregate demand exceeds potential aggregate supply. But that, for the most part, has not been happening. Instead, the pandemic gave rise to numerous sectoral supply constraints and demand shifts that – together

with adjustment asymmetries – became the primary drivers of price growth. Consider, for example, that there are fewer Americans today than there were expected to be before the pandemic. Not only did Trump-era Covid policies contribute to the loss of more than a million people in the US (and that is just the official figure), but immigration also declined, owing to new restrictions and a generally less welcoming, more xenophobic environment. The driver of the increase in rents was thus not a large increase in the need for housing, but rather the widespread shift to remote work, which changed where people

(particularly knowledge workers) wanted to live. As many professionals moved, rents and housing costs increased in some areas and fell in others. But rents where demand increased rose more than those where demand fell; thus, the demand shift contributed to overall inflation.
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তীব্র তাপপ্রবাহ, আরও ৭ দিন স্কুল বন্ধের দাবি চেন্নাইয়ের নির্বিষ বোলিংয়ে বিশাল জয় লখনৌর উপজেলা পরিষদ নির্বাচন ভোট বর্জনে লিফলেট বিতরণ করবে বিএনপি নানা ‘যুক্তি-অজুহাত’ মাঠ ছাড়তে নারাজ এমপি-মন্ত্রীর স্বজনরা পাহাড়ের বুক চিরে অর্ধশত ইটভাটা সুফল নেই সাড়ে তিনশ কোটির ইবিএ প্রকল্পে বিজেপি ২০০ আসনও পাবে না, সমীক্ষা ভুয়া: মমতা কারাগারে কেজরিওয়ালের ‘মিষ্টি খাবার’ নিয়ে প্রশ্ন ইডির, হত্যার ষড়যন্ত্রের অভিযোগ পার্টির ভারতে লোকসভা নির্বাচনে প্রথম ধাপে ভোট পড়েছে ৬০ শতাংশ বিপর্যস্ত ব্যাংক খাত, ঝুঁকির মাত্রা আরও বেড়েছে ওমরাহ থেকে ফেরার সময় নির্ধারণ করে দিল সৌদি আরব সিন্ডিকেটের ব্যাপারে সজাগ দৃষ্টি রাখছে সরকার: কৃষিমন্ত্রী কারণ ছাড়াই বেড়েছে বেশিরভাগ ভোগ্যপণ্যের দাম ইসরাইল-ইরানের দ্বন্দ্বের শুরু কবে থেকে? পরস্পরকে নিয়ে ভুল হিসাব-নিকাশ করেছে ইরান ও ইসরাইল ফ্রান্সে ইরানের কনস্যুলেটে আতঙ্ক, আটক এক ইরানের অস্ত্র সুবিধার কেন্দ্র ইসফাহান পার্কে ডেকে সাবেক প্রেমিকাকে খুন, মুহূর্তেই হত্যার ‘বদলা’ নিলেন মা ‘বজ্রমেঘ’ তৈরি হলেই বৃষ্টির সম্ভাবনা শেখ হাসিনার মতো নেতৃত্ব বর্তমান বিশ্বে বিরল: পররাষ্ট্রমন্ত্রী